Barga is mentioned for the first time in the 9th century as a feud of the Lombard family of Rolandinghi. In the 11th century, it obtained privileges including tax exemptions by Matilda di Canossa Countess of Tuscany, however, it remained still subordinate to Lucca. When Matilda died, she left all her properties, including the Serchio Valley, to the Church, which was not really a popular decision, and caused a war that was the first of a series, due to the fights between Pisa and Lucca. The city grew as a castle surrounded by a line of walls, of which two gates (Porta Reale and Porta Macchiaia) have survived. The town was well known during the Middle Ages for the manufacture of silk threads which were exported to major centres such as Florence, its mills powered by the hydraulic power of the nearby creeks. In the Middle Ages, Lucca and Pisa battled frequently to conquer the wealthy town and the surrounding territory, and for a time Barga was part of the Florentine dominion, later Duchy and Grand Duchy of Tuscany.
It became part of the Kingdom of Italy in 1861 and since 1923 it is part of the province of Lucca.
The visit include.
Duomo San Cristoforo (11th-16th centuries), the main example of Romanesque architecture in the Serchio Valley. Of the original church, built in local limestone, parts of the façade remain. The interior has a nave and two aisles. It houses a large wooden statue of St. Christopher, patron of the city. The pulpit (12th century) was designed by Guido Bigarelli da Como, with four red marble columns resting on lion sculptures. The campanile contains three bells, the oldest of which dates to the 16th century.
Arringo, a large lawn between the Duomo and the Palazzo Pretorio
Loggia del Podestà (14th century).
Church of San Francesco, with several works by Andrea della Robbia
Palazzo Mordini and several interesting Renaissance palaces in Florentine style
Half day (maximum 3 hours:) € 110 for 25 people and 2€ extra for each person
Full day (maximum 6 hours excluding lunch break) € 220.00 and 4€ extra for each person
Individual and family rates (1-10 partecipants)
Half day (maximum 3 hours) €125
Full day (maximum 6 hours excluding lunch break) € 250€